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特朗普将签署行政令收紧H-1B签证计划
Trump moves to tighten up on H1-B skilled visa programme

2017-4-19 09:10| 发布者: 寒夜孤星| 查看: 64| 评论: 0

摘要: Donald Trump is set to order a new crackdown on a controversial visa programme for skilled workers on Tuesday as well as launch a push for US government agencies to buy more domestically-produced prod ...
Donald Trump is set to order a new crackdown on a controversial visa programme for skilled workers on Tuesday as well as launch a push for US government agencies to buy more domestically-produced products in an attempt to fulfil promises to abide by a “Buy American/Hire American” credo.

The signing of the latest executive order is due to come during a visit by the US president to the Kenosha, Wisconsin, headquarters of the Snap-on tool company and marks his latest effort to maintain the appeal to working class voters that helped him to the White House.

It also comes just days after he drew criticism from labour unions and economic nationalists in his base for reversing a campaign pledge to label China a currency manipulator. That and other signals have been read as signs that the former reality TV star is bowing to internationalist moderates within his White House on economic policy and walking away from the populist promises that got him elected.

Administration officials said the executive order was aimed at ending fraud and other abuses of the H-1B visa programme used by many Silicon Valley companies and outsourcing giants such as Infosys to bring in foreign workers. It is in high demand with applications earlier this month reaching the annual quota of 85,000 visas in four days.

Rather than award the visas via a random lottery, the administration wants to use a system that better rewards candidates with higher skills and advanced degrees and stops driving down wages for American workers.

More than 80 per cent of the workers now on H-1B visas earn less than the US median wage for their jobs, a senior administration official said. Just 5 per cent have earnings in the highest wage tier.

“The result of that is that workers are often brought in well below market rates to replace American workers,” the official told reporters.

The executive order has limits with any major changes requiring action by Congress. And business groups are likely to fight any legislation ending the programme. But administration officials said after years of lobbying by labour unions and other interest groups, Congress appeared ready to embrace reforms.

唐纳德?特朗普(Donald Trump)周二将下令对一项面向技术工人的有争议的签证计划作出新的限制,同时还将推动美国政府机构采购更多美国国内生产的产品,以求兑现其遵守“买美国货/雇美国人”信条的承诺。

这位美国总统将在视察工具公司实耐宝(Snap-on)总部所在地威斯康星州基诺沙(Kenosha)时签署这项最新的行政令,此举标志着他力求保持对工薪阶层选民吸引力的最新努力。特朗普能够入住白宫,离不开工薪阶层选民的帮助。

几天前,特朗普因违背了将中国列为汇率操纵国的竞选承诺,而招致其基本盘中工会和经济民族主义者的批评。这位前电视真人秀明星释放的这一信号以及其他信号已被解读为,他在经济政策上正向其政府内的国际主义温和派人士低头,并且正在背离令他当选的民粹主义承诺。

特朗普政府官员表示,这项行政令旨在终结欺诈和其他滥用H-1B签证计划的行为。该计划被许多硅谷公司和Infosys等外包业巨头用来引进外国劳工。H-1B签证的需求量很大,本月早些时候,其申请数量在四天内就达到了8.5万份签证的年度配额。

特朗普政府不希望通过随机抽签的方式颁发签证,而希望采用一种能够更好地奖励拥有较高技能和高级学位的申请人、避免压低美国工人工资水平的制度。

一位高级别政府官员表示,目前拥有H-1B签证的劳工当中,有逾80%的人工资低于同岗位美国工人工资中位数。只有5%的H-1B劳工工资处于最高薪资层级。

这名官员向记者们表示:“其结果是,这些劳工往往被以远低于市场价的工资水平引进,用来代替美国工人。”

这项行政令存在局限,因为任何重大变革都需国会采取行动。此外,企业团体很可能会努力对抗任何终结H-1B签证计划的法案。不过,政府官员们表示,在工会和其他利益团体开展多年游说之后,国会似乎已准备支持这项改革。

译者/简易


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