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[CNN] CNN Student News - Sep 09, 2014

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发表于 2014-9-10 18:53:54 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
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CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR:  Hi, everyone.  I`m Carl Azuz.  We are kicking  off a new week and ten minutes of commercial free current events.  First  up,

President Obama is postponing his planned executive order  on immigration.  Now, let`s break this down.  An executive order is a  policy, a directive

that presidents can issue on their own.   It doesn`t go through Congress, but it`s more limited than laws that do.   With Congress divided between

Democrats and Republicans and  compromise not in the air, President Obama has issued nearly 200  executive orders, some on controversial issues.

He promised to  give a new on immigration before the end of the summer, but he now says  he`ll wait until after the midterm elections.  The president

says this will give him more time to explain his decision to the public,  but some analysts call this a political move, saying he`s trying to  keep

divisive issues from hurting his fellow Democrats in  November`s congressional elections.  Some groups that support  immigration reform say

he needs to take action now, and some  lawmakers, Democrats and Republicans say he needs to go through Congress  to reform immigration law.

A strategic dam in Iraq, a terrorist  group trying to get control, U.S. airstrikes called in to help Iraqi  forces.  Sounds familiar?  The same

scenario played out last  month at a dam in the Tigris River.  Yesterday, it happened at the  Euphrates River.  Iraqi forces have been fighting ISIS or

Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.  It`s the terrorist group trying to get  control of strategic places like the Haditha Dam.  It provides water to  

millions of people in western and southern Iraq, so the last  thing Iraqis and the U.S. want, is for it to fall into hands of ISIS.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

TOM  FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT:  We know much more about ISIS now than we  did a few months ago.  We know how brutal they can be, how well  financed,

how powerful.  But one we don`t know about ISIS  would still feel values. For starters, how big is their fighting force?   On the low end of the

estimates, you get around 10,000  people, and the high end around, 80,000.  This is in part because ISIS  is forming alliances with people who share

their radical ideology.

Now, that does that make these other groups members of ISIS or just temporary partners in crime?  You can`t really say.

How  much land does ISIS control?  Again, if you look at some maps, you see  relatively thin sanctions of northern Iraq and Syria under ISIS control.   

But if you expand to say let`s talk about all the areas  where ISIS has influence or followers.  Then you start picking up places  like Jordan and

Lebanon and even Europe.  And the United  States.  It`s hard to say how many of these people are dedicated to it  or if that represents real influence by

ISIS.

What  does ISIS want?  They want a caliphate.  This would be a country, a  state ruled by a supreme religious leader who enforces strict Islamic  law

on the people underneath this person.

Now, they  want to have this right now, it appears in the area spanning Iraq and  Syria, along that border, but the question is will they be satisfied

with that.  If they get that country would they then want more land,  more people, more power?  Do they have designs on striking the United  States?  

There have been videos that suggest that ISIS leaders  would like to raise their flag over the White House.  We don`t know how  much of that is actual

planning and how much of it is bluster.  Security experts say, it all has to be taken very seriously.

And  finally, that brings up a big questions:  what can anyone do about  these terrorists?  Because despite airstrikes and talk about  international

cooperation, this remains the biggest unknown about ISIS.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

DAN  SIMON, CNN CORRESPONDENT:  A healthy and full lake in northern  California.  There`s only one problem:  this picture is three years old.

And  now I`m walking on top of that very same bridge, take a look.  It is a  virtual desert.  This is what drought looks like in the state of

California.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

AZUZ:   And not just any drought, California is more than two years into the  worst drought and it`s recorded history.  Its governor has declared a  state

of emergency, farmers have lost their crops.  New  research published in the journal "Nature" suggests that the drying up  of groundwater in the Central

Valley could change pressure in  the earth and trigger more earthquakes.  Experts say they`ll be small,  not much damage, but the droughts damage has

been done.

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

SIMON:   Where I`m standing is a powerful symbol of California`s crippling  drought.  This is like Mendocino in northern California, and it`s pretty  

much dried up.  Normally you`d see people out in the water using their boats, but right now it`s just pretty much a desert.

The  lack of rain has pushed nearly 80 percent of the state into either  extreme or exceptional drought categories.  Those are the highest  levels.  

And most of the major reservoirs, the water that  sustains so many communities throughout the state, those are less than  half full.  It`s so

dry that thieves are actually stealing  water.  A father and daughter living off a water tank in the Central  Valley say they`ve been ripped off eight

times.

UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE:  It`s horrible.  We go without showering, we can`t flush our toilets, we can`t wash our hands.

SIMON:   At Hearst Castle, a popular attraction for tourists, they had to drain  the reflective Neptune pool earlier.  The sparkling blue water has

given away to a skateboarders fantasy.  The drought also having an  impact on food prices.  Meat and produce rising as much as six percent,  according

to the USDA, fast food chains like Chipotle and In  and Out Burger that raised their prices.  We are also seeing a new  phenomenon on what so called

drought busters.  People coming  through communities, looking for water wasters, leaky sprinklers, things  of that nature.  And public parks, some

cities are no longer watering the grass, and you can see brown patches in places like Santa Barbara along the waterfront.  

It`s been a very long summer, and there was just no end inside for this drought.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

AZUZ:   To request a mention right here, go to our transcript page, at  cnnstudentnews.com.  Today`s schools from east to west:  Scarborough  Middle

School in Scarborough, Maine, where the Red Storm is  brewing.  Welsh High School in Welsh, Louisiana, where they greyhounds  outran everybody.  And

Granite Bay High School in Granite Bay, California, no one`s messing with grizzlies.

"Star  Wars" gave us speeders, "Back to the Future" part two gave us  hoverboards, the Jetsons gave us a flying car.  At least, gave us the  dream

of these things.  The next step, a real one may just be  the hoverbike.  An engineer is turning two wheels into fans, and he`s  well aware that if his

idea doesn`t fly, a similar one might .

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)

CHRIS  MALLOY, ENGINEER:  When I was younger, I always wanted to fly.  Always  drawing different flying vehicles, always dreamt about booting off.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE:  Chris Malloy is an engineer.  His passion is making things fly.

MALLOY:   I ended up to have a bike that has all the properties of helicopter  and flies like helicopter, but has a freedom and look of a

motorcycle.

This  is a sky model of our full size hoverbike.  The (INAUDIBLE) thrust and  hovers like a helicopter, but pushing it down with these propellers.  In  

order to move forward, we decrease the thrust on the front and increase the thrust on the rear.  And it`s time to go backwards.

In order to rotate, we change the speed of the propellers while skipping the thrust the same.

UNIDENTIFIED  MALE:  Malloy always starts out by using scale models, put camera on  one, and you get a sense of what it might be like to fly the real

thing.  

Malloy  is well aware that he has competition that he is in a hoverbike race,  teams in Los Angeles and the Czech Republic who are also developing

hoverbikes, but Malloy believes his machine will be the most versatile.

MALLOY:  Turbobike (ph) is very different, because it`s been designed as an aero vehicle, it`s not designed as a toy.

So  we can deploy it in an emergency areas to we can - (INAUDIBLE) is  autonomous, so we can ferry goods and people in without there needing to  be

a pilot.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE:  More men tests are  flight are planned in the next few months.  Malloy will again be the  test pilot.  The first, he hopes of the

true Hovercyclist.

(END VIDEOTAPE)

AZUZ:   Another invention today, it`s been said that the men`s home is his  castle.  And while this one may not be big enough to live in, it is  real,

it is made of concrete.  It was constructed by a 3D  printer, a big one.  One made out of chains, rails and motors.  The  contractor`s invention lays

out in concrete and whatever  pattern he programs.  He hopes it will be the future of construction,  capable of printing a 3600 square foot house in

about a week.

That  would leave an imprint on construction.  Imagine setting designs on  something like that.  Fashioning a concrete plan, a building on the idea  of

a printed house.  That`s an engineering fit that breaks  down walls, yo.  CNN STUDENT NEWS is back tomorrow with more current  events and probably

more puns.
发表于 2014-9-30 08:24:51 | 显示全部楼层
good good study ,day day up!
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